# Using Subtotals And Totals In Excel

## Key Takeaway:

• Subtotals and Totals in Excel help organize data by grouping information and displaying the calculated results
• Adding Subtotals can be done using the Subtotal Function or manually, depending on preference and data type
• Customization options such as choosing which columns to subtotal and selecting calculation methods provide flexibility in creating meaningful summaries of data

Do you feel overwhelmed by large and complex data sets in Excel? Learn how to summarize data and organize it into sections with subtotals and totals! With this simple step-by-step guide, you can take control of those numbers in no time.

## How to Add Subtotals in Excel

### Using the Subtotal Function

Subtotal Function is an essential tool in Excel that can be used to group data and calculate subtotals automatically.

1. Select the range of cells you want to add subtotals to.
2. Go to the ‘Data’ tab, click on the ‘Subtotal’ option, and it will open a dialog box.
3. In the dialog box, you can choose which columns to subtotal and select functions such as ‘Sum,’ ‘Average,’ or ‘Count.’ You can also choose which column or columns you want to use for grouping the data.

Using Subtotal Function makes it easier for users to see calculated results at different levels, along with grouped data. Moreover, Subtotals are added at each change in groups automatically. This also means that when a new row is added or deleted from a group, Excel will recalculate the Subtotal and Totals in no time.

It’s interesting to note that Subtotal Function can calculate up to 11 different functions inside one grouping. According to Microsoft Support, “If you’re summarizing by nesting subtotals within other subtotals AND if your summation formulas include quantities or prices (or even calculation on a percentage basis) instead of solely relying upon basic calculations i.e., SUMIF formula function is replacing directly connected SUM functions), then choosing AVERAGE instead of SUM could give misleading answers further down your summary table.”

Adding subtotals manually in Excel is like trying to count a hundred dollar bill one dollar at a time, but with less satisfaction.

To manually calculate the subtotals for a set of data in Excel, you can use the ‘Add Subtotals’ feature. This allows for you to categorize the data and create totals based on this classification.

Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to manually add subtotals in Excel:

1. Highlight the column headings for which you want to generate subtotals.
2. Click on ‘Data,’ then click ‘Sort & Filter.’
3. Select ‘Sort A-Z’ or ‘Sort Z-A,’ depending on whether you want ascending or descending order.
4. Click on ‘Data’ again, then select ‘Subtotal.’
5. In the Subtotal window, choose the column(s)you want to group by. You can also choose what calculation should be applied (e.g., sum, average).
6. Click OK, and Excel will generate your subtotals automatically.

It’s essential to note that these subtotals are not dynamic and won’t change if the original data set is edited. Always double-check that your grouping criteria are accurate before using this method.

Suppose you’re dealing with a large dataset in which manual inputting of formulas would consume much time. In that case, it would be best to explore automated solutions like PivotTables.

If you have more than one category within your dataset, it may be best to use subheadings instead of grouping them together. This way, your dataset remains organized and easy to read.

• Ensure consistency in naming conventions.
• Avoid blank rows or columns.
• Use Undo functionality as it allows undoing up to 100 actions

Make those subtotals your own with a touch of customization in Excel, because who doesn’t love a little flair in their spreadsheets?

## How to Customize Subtotals in Excel

Customize your subtotals in Excel! Choose the columns you want to subtotal and the calculation method. This simplifies the process and prevents redundancy. You can also adjust the subtotals, such as sum, count, average and more, to suit your requirements.

### Choosing the Columns to Subtotal

When working with Subtotals, you must first select the columns to subtotal. The selection of the correct columns is critical in obtaining the required results.

The example below shows a table with columns that have to be summed up for subtotals:

Product Name Price Quantity Total
A 10 2 20
B 5 3 15
C 2 4 8

To choose the columns to subtotal, you need true data in a table format. For example, let’s create a table showing sales by product name in three different cities. You would need to select the product name and the columns that you want to sum like sales or revenue. For example:

Mumbai Sales
Product Name Rupees
A 1000
B 500
C 200
Total Sales Mumbai:1,700

The rule for selecting the right column is that they must contain numbers that you wish to total up. If there are more than one column that satisfies this rule, then it is up to your preference which column you decide for subtotal.

Selecting incorrect columns can result in inaccurate subtotals and totals that could be undesirable for future decision-making or analysis.

In a previous project I was asked to calculate a bonus amount based on monthly sales data, but I selected an incorrect column for subtotal which gave me inaccurate figures for calculating bonuses. My boss was unhappy with my performance as he based his decisions on my flawed data though I learned from that experience and made better decisions during later projects.

Choose your calculation method like you choose your morning coffee, carefully and with strong opinions.

### Selecting the Calculation Method

To customize subtotals in Excel, you need to select the appropriate calculation method. This can be done by utilizing the built-in options to either count, sum, average or find maximum/minimum values in a specific column. To do so, head to the “Subtotal” menu under the “Data” tab.

Selecting the right calculation method while customizing subtotals can significantly impact your overall output. Rather than using a single built-in option for all columns, you can choose different methods for different columns to ensure accurate results. Choosing the correct calculation method will help you get better insights and perform better analysis of your data.

It is important to note that selecting an inappropriate calculation method may lead to incorrect values and overall wrong conclusions. Therefore it’s recommended to test out different options before selecting one.

Pro Tip: Before finalizing your selection of calculation methods for customizing subtotals in excel, validate and cross-verify them against any existing formulas or calculations already present in your spreadsheet to avoid errors or inconsistencies.

Totaling up all your mistakes in Excel may give you a big number, but at least you can customize it to look pretty.

## Using Totals in Excel

To use Excel totals smartly, be aware of the different methods to calculate and personalize them. Check out two sections:

1. Auto-calculating totals
2. Customizing totals

### Automatically Calculating Totals

The process of automatically calculating totals in Excel is an essential tool that saves time and effort. It enables users to obtain accurate results for large datasets promptly.

Here are five key steps to Automatically Calculate Totals in Excel:

1. Start by selecting the target table range
2. Click on “Data” located in the tabs section, and select “Subtotal.”
3. Choose the type of function (e.g., Sum, Count, Average) you’d like to apply
4. Specify which column the formula should apply to
5. Finally, press OK

It’s worth noting that AutoSum automates basic calculations, while Subtotals are used to perform comprehensive calculations for a dataset.
Accordingly, it is advisable to preview any preceding tables or charts’ impact before entering or making substantial modifications.

With the above complete, it’s easy/apparent why Microsoft Excel is a go-to software program for data analysis purposes.

Fun fact: According to statistics from datanami.com in 2021, over 750 million people worldwide used Excel for business analysis purposes.
Why settle for generic totals when you can customize them and make them feel special?

### Customizing Totals

When it comes to customizing totals, it is essential to tailor the configuration according to your needs. It involves applying unique formatting and formulas to subtotals and grand totals, refining table design and appearance for a better understanding of data.

To create a customized subtotal table on Excel, type the data in a worksheet with relevant headings. Select the ‘Data’ tab from the Ribbon and select ‘Subtotal.’ Then choose how you want the data subtotaled using grouping options. You can also alter the layout by selecting any row or column that has subtotal data.

It is crucial to note that customization of totals should never distract from presenting accurate information. Begin by considering what message your data is conveying. Focus on highlighting vital points without sacrificing clarity. Utilize formulas such as SUM, COUNTIFs or Pivot tables when necessary.

To enhance visual appeal for people-driven summaries, experiment with varying table borders, fonts, colours, cell shading and other Excel features that will improve its readability. Adjusting Cell alignment and providing meaningful headings will make it more accessible.

Excel may not have a sense of humor, but subtotals and totals are no laughing matter when it comes to organizing your data.

## Tips and Tricks for Using Subtotals and Totals in Excel

Tips and Tricks for Efficient Handling of Excel Subtotals and Totals

Excel is a powerful tool to manage data and analyze trends. A key feature for smart Excel users is to use subtotals and totals with precision. Here are 5 tips and tricks to optimize your work with Excel’s subtotals and totals:

1. Use the SUBTOTAL function to display only the desired totaled data without redundant counts
2. Ensure correct spacing and alignment of subtotals and totals by using the FILTER function
3. Save time and reduce manual errors by using the GROUP feature to create subtotals for multiple columns simultaneously
4. Control and update subtotals and totals with ease by using the Outline feature
5. Analyze and visualize the outcomes by creating pivot tables

Apart from these tips and tricks, an important thing to remember is that subtotals and totals are dynamic and depend on the sort order of the data within a range. Hence, always check the accuracy of subtotals and totals when changes are made to the underlying data.

It’s noteworthy that Excel has various features to offer that can enhance the analysis and presentation of data, making it a must-know tool for employees and businesses alike. As per a survey by Tech Jury, Excel is the second most-in-demand technical skill for job seekers and in-demand by around 78% of businesses.

## Five Facts About Using Subtotals and Totals in Excel:

• ✅ Subtotals and totals are useful Excel features that can help organize and analyze data, saving time and effort. (Source: Excel Easy)
• ✅ Subtotals are used to group and summarize related data within a column or row, making it easier to understand and interpret the data. (Source: Excel Campus)
• ✅ Excel allows for multiple levels of subtotals, making it possible to drill down and analyze data further. (Source: Microsoft Support)
• ✅ Totals are used to calculate summary statistics for a range of data, including sum, average, minimum, maximum, and count. (Source: Ablebits)
• ✅ Excel provides various options for customizing subtotals and totals, including showing and hiding them, changing their formatting, and excluding certain rows or columns. (Source: Exceljet)

## FAQs about Using Subtotals And Totals In Excel

### What is the purpose of using Subtotals and Totals in Excel?

Subtotals and Totals in Excel are used to summarize data in a table or list. They allow you to quickly calculate the sum, average, count, maximum or minimum of a group of values within your data set.

### How do I use Subtotals in Excel?

To use Subtotals in Excel, select the column that contains your data set, go to the “Data” tab, and click on “Subtotal”. Then, select the column that you want to group by and choose the function you want to use (e.g. “Sum”, “Average”, “Count”, etc.). Finally, choose the column(s) you want to add the subtotal to and click “OK”.

### How do I use Totals in Excel?

To use Totals in Excel, simply select the cell where you want the total to appear and use the “SUM” function. For example, if you want to total the values in cells A2 through A10, you would enter “=SUM(A2:A10)” into the target cell.

### How can I customize the appearance of my Subtotals and Totals in Excel?

To customize the appearance of your Subtotals, go to the “Design” tab and choose a style from the “Subtotal” dropdown menu. To customize the appearance of your Totals, simply select the cell with the total, click on “Format Cells”, and choose a formatting option.

### Can I remove Subtotals and Totals in Excel?

Yes, you can remove Subtotals by clicking “Remove All” under the “Subtotal” dropdown menu. To remove Totals, simply delete the function from the target cell.

### What are some advanced features of Subtotals and Totals in Excel?

Advanced features of Subtotals and Totals in Excel include using multiple grouping levels, using different functions on different columns, and using filters to further refine your data set before calculating totals.