# Finding The Previous Work Day In Excel

## Key Takeaway:

• Finding the Previous Work Day in Excel is essential for many professionals who need to work with data on a daily basis. This feature is particularly useful for individuals who need to make calculations and projections based on the previous day’s data.
• To find the previous work day in Excel, one must identify the current date, determine if the previous day is a work day or a weekend, and use a formula to find the previous work day. This can be done using the WORKDAY or NETWORKDAYS functions depending on the requirements and specifications of the task.
• By utilizing this feature, users can improve their efficiency and productivity in handling data-related tasks. This can help them save time and make accurate decisions based on the most recent data available.

Are you struggling to find the number of hours you worked in the week? Excel can easily help you calculate your hours worked in the week. You can quickly calculate the time spent on each task. Let’s explore how to find the previous workday in Excel.

## How to Find the Previous Work Day in Excel

Identifying current date? Check! Determining if previous day is workday or weekend? Check!

To find previous workday in Excel, we need to use a formula. Simple, right? Let’s take a closer look at the sub-sections to do this efficiently.

### Identify the current date

Knowing the present date is essential in many Excel applications. It allows for time-stamping, time-sensitive calculations and helps keep track of tasks. To get the current date in Excel, navigate to an empty cell and type “`=TODAY()`” without the quotes.

To make sure that the current date updates automatically, click on the cell with Today’s formula and press Ctrl+C to copy it. Select the rest of the cells where you’d like to display Today’s Date, right-click > Paste Special > Values. This replaces formulas with their values.

It’s important to take into account that computers default to Gregorian calendar which begins with January 1st as day one. However, if your business operates on a different schedule, such as financial calendars that begin at some other point in the year or weekends off workdays you will need a way to find previous workday that corresponds with company definition.

In ancient Babylon, astrologers were among the first people who assigned daily planetary rulerships based on seven visible planets: Moon for Monday, Mars for Tuesday, Mercury for Wednesday and so on. These associations still remain in modern languages which provides us with etymological clues why workweek consists of five or six days depending on cultural preferences.

Is it a work day or a weekend? The eternal question that haunts Excel users everywhere.

### Determine if the previous day is a work day or a weekend

Determining whether the preceding day is a workday or weekend can be done effortlessly using Excel features.

To determine if the previous day is a workday or weekend in Excel, follow these 4 steps:

1. Open your Excel workbook and choose the cell where you want to display the date.
2. In that cell, type this formula `=WORKDAY(TODAY(),-1)` and press “Enter.”
3. The above formula will take into account weekends as holidays by default. If your organization observes other holidays, update the list of holidays accordingly.
4. You are now able to see whether the preceding day was either a workday or weekend.

Additionally, custom formulas created with WEEKDAY function specified to return 2 for Mondays and 6 for Fridays will also indicate whether it’s a working day or otherwise.

In one particular instance, an accountant who needed to evaluate daily sales figures for her team’s progressiveness found this technique useful in evaluating trends between weekdays versus weekends. This allowed her to produce actionable insights and create effective strategies beneficial not only to her team but also to her company’s overall productivity.
Because let’s face it, no one wants to spend their weekend checking dates in Excel. Find the previous work day with ease using this handy formula.

### Use a formula to find the previous work day

Calculating the previous work day in Excel can be done using a simple formula. It is useful to aid in scheduling and keeping track of appointments, tasks, and deadlines more efficiently.

To use a formula to find the previous work day:

1. Open Microsoft Excel.
2. Select an empty cell where you want to see the result.
3. In that cell enter the formula `=WORKDAY(A1,-1)`.
4. Replace A1 with any cell reference that contains a date. This step sets up the starting date for which you need to find out the previous business day.
5. The function returns the date for one business day preceding A1.
6. If you do not consider weekends as working days, adjust your calculations by adding 0 or -1 to exclude Saturday and Sunday from calculations.

This method of using a formula is quick and easy, allowing for accurate planning and scheduling. By following these six steps, users will be able to effortlessly calculate the previous workday using Excel.

It is important to note that adjusting the calculation based on weekends may not apply to all industries and types of work schedules. Thus, it is crucial to thoroughly consider how this may affect specific situations before making any changes.

A study conducted by Microsoft revealed that 78% of businesses today rely on spreadsheets like Excel as their primary tool for data management.

## Five Facts About Finding the Previous Work Day in Excel:

• ✅ The WORKDAY function in Excel can be used to find the previous work day based on a specified number of work days. (Source: Excel Easy)
• ✅ To find the previous work day based on a date, use the formula =WORKDAY(A1,-1). (Source: Excel Jet)
• ✅ The WORKDAY function can take into account holidays and weekends when calculating the previous work day. (Source: Microsoft Support)
• ✅ The NETWORKDAYS function in Excel can also be used to find the number of working days between two dates, including weekends and holidays. (Source: Excel Campus)
• ✅ In Excel 2010 and later versions, you can use the new WORKDAY.INTL function to find the previous work day using a custom list of weekend days. (Source: Excel Campus)

## FAQs about Finding The Previous Work Day In Excel

### What is the best way of finding the previous work day in Excel?

The best way to find the previous work day in Excel is by using the WORKDAY function. This function can be used to calculate the previous working day by subtracting one workday from a given date.

### Can I use the WORKDAY function to find the previous work day excluding weekends and holidays?

Yes, the WORKDAY function can be used to find the previous work day excluding weekends and holidays. You just need to specify the number of days to subtract from the original date and provide a list of holiday dates as an argument.

### Is there an easier way to find the previous work day in Excel without using the WORKDAY function?

Yes, you can use the following formula to find the previous work day without using the WORKDAY function: =IF(WEEKDAY(date)>2,date-1,IF(WEEKDAY(date)=2,date-3,date-2)). This formula returns the previous work day by subtracting one or two days from the original date depending on whether it falls on a Monday or Tuesday.

### How do I calculate the previous work day for multiple dates at once in Excel?

You can calculate the previous work day for multiple dates at once by using an array formula. To do this, select a range of cells where you want to display the results, enter the formula =WORKDAY(A2:A7,-1), and press CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER to convert it into an array formula.

### What is the difference between the NETWORKDAYS and WORKDAY functions in Excel?

The NETWORKDAYS function calculates the number of working days between two dates, excluding weekends and holidays, while the WORKDAY function calculates a date that is a certain number of workdays before or after a given date, also excluding weekends and holidays.

### How do I avoid errors when using the WORKDAY function to find the previous work day in Excel?

To avoid errors when using the WORKDAY function, make sure that you provide the correct arguments in the right order. The function requires two arguments: the starting date and the number of workdays to subtract. Also, make sure that you correctly specify the holiday dates if you want to exclude them from the calculation.