## Key Takeaway:

- The VLOOKUP function in Excel allows users to find and retrieve specific data from a table based on a search value.
- The VLOOKUP function requires four arguments: lookup value, table array, column index number, and range lookup. By adjusting these arguments, users can modify the function to better suit their needs.
- Users can adjust the VLOOKUP function in Excel by changing the lookup value, modifying the table array, altering the column index number, and adjusting the range lookup. These adjustments allow for greater flexibility and accuracy when searching for data within a table.

Are you struggling to get the VLOOKUP function to work in your Excel spreadsheet? This article provides a step-by-step guide to help you master the VLOOKUP function and achieve the results you need.

## Understanding the VLOOKUP Function

Understanding **VLOOKUP Function** in Excel

VLOOKUP is a powerful function in Excel that helps in searching a specific value from a range of cells. In order to use VLOOKUP function correctly, one needs to understand the syntax and arguments of the function properly.

The table below illustrates the essential components of VLOOKUP function:

Syntax | Description |
---|---|

VLOOKUP(lookup_value,table_array,col_index_num,range_lookup) | Searches for a value in the first column of a table array and returns a value in the same row from a column that we specify |

lookup_value | The value that we want to search for |

table_array | The range of cells where the lookup_value is to be searched |

col_index_num | The column number from which the result is retrieved |

range_lookup | It is an optional argument that allows us to select an exact or approximate match. |

It is important to note that the lookup_value must be in the leftmost column of the table_array and col_index_num must be greater than 0.

Moreover, while entering the formula, one should use absolute references for the table array to avoid incorrect results.

To enhance the accuracy of VLOOKUP function, it is suggested to use functions like **TRIM** to remove extra spaces, and use **IFNA** to handle errors, if any.

By following these suggestions, an individual can master the art of using VLOOKUP function in Excel with ease and precision.

## Adjusting the VLOOKUP Function in Excel

With Excel’s **VLOOKUP function**, it is possible to retrieve data from tables. However, adjusting the VLOOKUP function in Excel can be challenging. To help you with that, here is a **6-step guide** that you can follow:

- Understand the basics of the VLOOKUP function.
- Adjust the column index number to return the correct value.
- Use absolute cell references to lock the table array and lookup values.
- Find approximate matches by including “TRUE” or exact matches by including “FALSE” in the function.
- Eliminate errors by using the
**IFNA function**. - Get rid of duplicates by applying the
**REMOVE DUPLICATES function**.

Furthermore, by adjusting the VLOOKUP function, you can specify the range of your data more accurately. Use this knowledge to **improve your decision-making process** by ensuring that your data is clean, and your analysis is precise.

## Common Errors with VLOOKUP Function

VLOOKUP function is often utilized in Excel for retrieving data from specific columns of a table. However, as with any function in Excel, errors can occur. Here are some common errors associated with the function.

- Incorrect Range: Ensuring that the
*VLOOKUP range is correctly defined*is crucial. Data in the table should be the complete source range. - Missing Data: Sometimes due to incomplete or missing data,
*the function might display a #N/A error*. - Sorting Orders: It is essential to
*sort the table column that has to be returned matching with the return column’s table*.

When encountering issues with VLOOKUP, it’s often helpful to double-check the function’s inputs. One of the reasons for the mismatch between the data types or issues with extra spaces in the data could result in an error. Thus, maintaining data consistency and using proper formatting should always be a priority.

*Pro Tip: Always ensure that the header values of the table are consistent (in terms of letter case and spacing) with the search value.*

## Five Facts About Adjusting the VLOOKUP Function in Excel:

**✅ VLOOKUP is a commonly used function in Microsoft Excel for looking up data in a table.***(Source: Microsoft)***✅ The syntax for VLOOKUP includes four arguments: lookup_value, table_array, col_index_num, and range_lookup.***(Source: Excel Easy)***✅ Adjusting the VLOOKUP function involves changing the arguments to suit the specific needs of the user or scenario.***(Source: Investopedia)***✅ One common adjustment to VLOOKUP is using absolute references to lock in the table_array range.***(Source: ExcelJet)***✅ Another adjustment to VLOOKUP is changing the range_lookup argument to either TRUE (approximate match) or FALSE (exact match).***(Source: Lifewire)*

## FAQs about Adjusting The Vlookup Function In Excel

### What is the VLOOKUP function in Excel?

The VLOOKUP function is a commonly used formula in Excel that allows you to quickly search for a value in a table or range of data and return a corresponding value in a specified column.

### How do I adjust the VLOOKUP function to search for values in a different column?

To adjust the VLOOKUP function to search for values in a different column, simply change the column index number in the formula to correspond with the new column you want to search. For example, if you originally had your formula set up to search for values in the second column, but you now want to search in the third column, change the column index from ‘2’ to ‘3’.

### What do I do if the VLOOKUP function is not returning the correct value?

If the VLOOKUP function is not returning the correct value, there could be a few reasons for this. Make sure that the lookup value and the values in the table or range are in the same format and that they match exactly. Also, ensure that the column index number is correct and that you have the correct reference for the table or range.

### Can I adjust the VLOOKUP function to perform an exact match?

Yes, you can adjust the VLOOKUP function to perform an exact match by adding the ‘FALSE’ argument at the end of the formula. This will require an exact match for the lookup value and will not return an approximate match.

### Is there a limit to the number of columns that the VLOOKUP function can search?

Yes, there is a limit to the number of columns that the VLOOKUP function can search. The function can only search for values in columns to the right of the lookup column. If you need to search for values in columns to the left of the lookup column, you will need to use a different formula, such as HLOOKUP.

### Can I use the VLOOKUP function to search for values in multiple sheets?

Yes, you can use the VLOOKUP function to search for values in multiple sheets by referencing the sheet name in the table array argument of the formula. However, you will need to ensure that the sheet names are spelled correctly and that they are enclosed in single quotation marks.