# Month: Excel Formulae Explained

## Key Takeaway:

• The MONTH function in Excel is used to extract the month from a given date and return it as a number between 1 and 12. This function is useful for various data analysis and reporting tasks.
• The syntax of the Excel MONTH function is simple, requiring only the date cell or reference as an argument. However, it is important to pay attention to the date format used to avoid errors.
• Some tips and tricks for effectively using the MONTH function include using it in conjunction with other date/time functions, such as DAY and YEAR, to perform more complex analyses, and using conditional formatting to highlight months with specific values or trends.

Struggling to make sense of Excel formulae? You’re not alone. This article provides a comprehensive guide to help you understand and excel at Excel formulae. Learn the fundamentals of Excel formulae and take your skills to the next level!

## Overview of Excel MONTH formula

The Excel MONTH formula is a useful tool for extracting the month value from a specified date. This function enables easy and quick month extraction, helping users to process data more efficiently. By simply entering a date cell reference in the formula, the month value will be returned, allowing for further analysis and use.

It’s important to note that the MONTH formula only works with dates formatted as “mm/dd/yyyy” or “dd/mm/yyyy”. Any other date formats will not be recognized by the formula. Additionally, the returned value will always be an integer between 1 and 12, with each number representing a specific month.

One unique feature of the MONTH formula is that it can be used in conjunction with other formulas to perform complex calculations. For example, by using the MONTH formula in combination with the SUMIF formula, users can calculate the total value of a specific month’s sales.

Interestingly, the MONTH formula is one of the oldest date functions in Excel, dating back to its earliest versions. Despite several advancements and updates to Excel, the basic functionality of the MONTH formula remains unchanged, standing as a testament to the formula’s practicality and usefulness in various industries.

## Syntax of MONTH function

The MONTH function in Excel enables users to return the month of a particular date in numerical format. The syntax requires only the date value as the input, enclosed in parentheses. The function returns the month value as an integer between 1 and 12, corresponding to the respective month.

To utilize the MONTH function, users must insert the date in proper date format, such as `"mm/dd/yyyy."` This enables Excel to determine the month value from the input date.

It is important to note that the MONTH function is a sub-function of the DATE function and can be used in conjunction with it to perform complex calculations involving dates. Additionally, the MONTH function can also be combined with other Excel functions to perform various operations.

Pro Tip: When using the MONTH function, ensure that the date format is correct and consistent throughout the dataset to avoid errors in the calculations.

## Example usage of MONTH function

The MONTH Function is a powerful tool in Excel that can be used to extract the month from a date or timestamp. This function can be utilized in various scenarios that require analyzing data based on different months.

Here is a six-step guide for using the MONTH function in Excel:

2. Insert a new column and use the MONTH Function to extract the month
3. Type ” =MONTH(” into the first cell of the new column
4. Select the cell in the original date/timestamp column that corresponds to the first row of the new column
5. Type a closing parenthesis “)” and press Enter
6. Drag the formula down to the last row of data in the new column

To further understand the use of this function, it is important to note that the outputs are numeric month representations. For example, January is represented as 1, February as 2, and so on.

It is also worth mentioning that the MONTH Function can be used with conditional formatting to highlight dates that fall within a certain month or to group data based on the month.

In real-world scenarios, businesses often utilize the MONTH Function to analyze sales trends on a month-to-month basis or to monitor the progress of monthly project timelines.

For instance, a marketing agency might use the MONTH Function to track website traffic data for a client’s website. By extracting the month and analyzing the data, they might notice patterns in traffic, which could help inform their marketing strategy.

## Tips and tricks for using MONTH function

Getting the most out of the MONTH function can greatly enhance your Excel experience. Here is a guide to optimize its usage.

1. Syntax: The MONTH function follows a simple syntax – =MONTH(serial_number). Here, serial_number can be a reference to a cell containing a date or even a formula that generates a date.
2. Custom Formatting: Excel allows for custom formatting of months by applying a “mmmm” format code. This can, for example, convert numerical monthly values to their corresponding month names like “January“, “February” and so on.
3. Nested Functions: MONTH can be combined with other functions, like IF and CHOOSE, to add more nuanced functionality. For example, it can be used to categorize dates based on their position in the year.
4. Sorting: Sorting by the MONTH function in Excel can help organize a database by month. This is especially helpful when working with large sets of data.
5. Filter: MONTH can be used with filtering options to quickly narrow down data based on dates. For instance, it can be used to filter by all data points falling under a certain month range.
6. Use of EDATE: The EDATE function can add or subtract months from a date, allowing simpler calculations for time intervals beyond days.

Besides these essential tips, it is important to remember that while MONTH is a powerful function, over-reliance can lead to miscalculations and errors. It is best used together with other Excel functions to ensure reliable results.

Make the most of Excel’s MONTH function by following these tips and tricks. Whether you are sorting through data, categorizing dates, or calculating time intervals, these tips will help optimize your Excel experience.

## Comparison with other date/time functions in Excel

Excel has a wide range of functions, including those related to date and time. In this section, we’ll explore these functions and compare them to similar ones in Excel.

The following table shows some date and time related functions in Excel:

Function Name Description Example
TODAY Returns the current date TODAY() returns today’s date (e.g. 9/23/2021)
DATE Returns the date for a given year, month, and day DATE(2021,9,23) returns 9/23/2021
DATEDIF Calculates the difference between two dates in days, months, or years DATEDIF(start_date, end_date, “unit”) calculates difference between start and end date in unit specified
TIME Returns the time for a given hour, minute, and second TIME(12,30,0) returns 12:30:00 PM
HOUR Returns the hour part of a given time HOUR(“12:30:00 PM”) returns 12
MINUTE Returns the minute part of a given time MINUTE(“12:30:00 PM”) returns 30
SECOND Returns the second part of a given time SECOND(“12:30:15 PM”) returns 15

It’s important to note that Excel stores dates and times as numbers, with the integer part representing the date and the decimal part representing the time. Therefore, when comparing dates or times, it’s important to convert them to numbers using the DATEVALUE or TIMEVALUE functions, respectively.

In addition to these functions, Excel also has functions for determining holidays, calculating workdays, and more. It’s important to choose the right function for your specific needs.

A colleague once mistakenly used the DATE function instead of the YEAR function to extract the year from a date. This resulted in incorrect data and hours of troubleshooting. Always make sure to choose the appropriate function for your specific needs to avoid similar mistakes.

## Five Facts About MONTH: Excel Formulae Explained:

• ✅ MONTH is an Excel function that returns the month number from a given date value. (Source: Microsoft)
• ✅ The syntax of the MONTH function is “=MONTH(serial_number)”, where serial_number is the date value for which the month number needs to be returned. (Source: Excel Easy)
• ✅ The MONTH function can be used in various scenarios, such as calculating the due date for a loan payment, determining the month-wise sales figures, or analyzing seasonal trends in business data. (Source: Spreadsheeto)
• ✅ The MONTH function is part of the Date & Time function category in Excel, which includes other functions like YEAR, DAY, HOUR, MINUTE, and SECOND. (Source: Exceljet)
• ✅ The MONTH function can be combined with other Excel functions, such as IF, SUMIF, MONTHNAME, and EOMONTH, to perform more complex calculations and analysis. (Source: Ablebits)

## FAQs about Month: Excel Formulae Explained

### What are some commonly used Excel formulas for working with months?

There are several Excel formulas that can be used to work with months. Some of the most commonly used ones include MONTH function, EOMONTH function, DATE function, and TEXT function.

### How can I extract the month from a date in Excel?

You can extract the month from a date in Excel using the MONTH function. Simply enter “=MONTH(date)” in a cell to extract the month from the date.

### What is the EOMONTH function in Excel?

The EOMONTH function in Excel is used to return the last day of the month that comes before or after a specified number of months. It takes two arguments: a serial number representing the starting date and a number representing the number of months to add or subtract.

### How do I calculate the number of days between two dates in Excel?

You can calculate the number of days between two dates in Excel using the DATEDIF function. The syntax for this formula is “=DATEDIF(date1, date2, “d”)”.

### Is it possible to convert a date to its corresponding month name in Excel?

Yes, it is possible to convert a date to its corresponding month name in Excel using the TEXT function. Simply enter “=TEXT(date, “mmmm”)” in a cell to convert the date to its corresponding month name.

### How can I find the last day of a specific month in Excel?

You can find the last day of a specific month in Excel using the EOMONTH function. Simply enter “=EOMONTH(date, 0)” in a cell to return the last day of the month for the specified date.